Play has a fundamental role in the development and learning of children. From his first years, baby will naturally turn to certain types of games that stimulate him. Giving children time to play is therefore essential for their development and for promoting learning about the world around them. In this article, we take stock of the importance of play and in particular educational games according to the age of the child.
Learn naturally by playing
When playing, the child associates play with pleasure: he is therefore naturally more open to the teaching of play. Indeed, he does not assimilate play as teaching as such. However, by playing, he develops his creativity, adaptability and autonomy, among other things.
Educational games stimulate the neural patterns that the child will need later to carry out intellectual and academic activities. Play is so important in the development of the child that it is moreover enshrined in the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The game is therefore an activity as serious as it is fun!
Educational games from 0 to 5 years old
The games that you are going to present to him from the first months of life and until he is 3 years old are “sensorimotor” games, that is to say they appeal to the senses to allow the child to discover and have fun with the world around him.
From 3 years old and up to 5 years old, games help children to create stories. It is during this period of life that he develops his imagination to understand and adapt to the world around him.
The games that you will present to him from the age of 5 include game rules. The child therefore learns to play according to these rules: he has a first experience in this sense of the rules of society.
What functions are developed through educational games?
Explore his feelings
Educational games allow you to experience different feelings: self-confidence, empathy, fear of losing, frustration, etc. During the game, he also develops his abilities to perceive, pay attention, or even express himself and defend his ideas. The game therefore allows him to develop his vocabulary and syntax.
Develop executive functions
Through play, the child develops transversal functions: learning to plan and organize, develop memory, attention and concentration. These are the executive functions that will allow him to carry out school tasks and evolve in society thereafter.
Exercise fine motor skills
Educational games and in particular board games make it possible to exercise and strengthen the child’s fine motor skills. Indeed, educational games such as construction games, gluing or handling cards mobilize the dexterity of the fingers and the accuracy of his touch. To learn more about fine motor toys, click here.
We cannot stress enough the importance of play for the child. It must have a primordial place in the daily life of the child and stimulate him according to his needs and his age. Educational games initiate and prepare children for the world of tomorrow. They are an essential prerequisite for developing their physical skill, imagination and logic, but also for allowing them to assert themselves and to structure their personality.